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The logic portion of the HSPT may appear scary at first. However, one can solve these problems in a straightforward manner. Just translate the abstract relationships in the question into real-world relationships. Try some questions below.
1. Corn flakes cost less than wheat flakes. Oat flakes cost more than wheat flakes. Oat flakes cost less than corn flakes. If the first two statements are true, the third statement is
2. Gloria is younger than Francesca. Yvonne is older than Gloria. Yvonne is older than Francesca. If the first two statements are true, the third statement is
1. b. false.
Translate information into simple real-world terms.
Wheat flakes: $2.50
Corn flakes (less than wheat): $2.00
Oat flakes (more than wheat): $2.75
You can see from the above, that oat flakes cost less than corn flakes is clearly false.
2. c. uncertain.
Write down the information you know and try to fill in what you don't.
Gloria: 12 years old
Francesca: 14 years old (older than Gloria)
Yvonne 13 years old (older than Gloria, but older than Francesca)
Yvonne 19 years old (older than Gloria, but younger than Francesca)
So the statement that Yvonne is older than Francesca is uncertain.