Instructions: The following questions present a sentence, part of which or all of which is underlines. Beneath the sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the best answer.
1. In 1980, lack of preparation reduced Costa Rica's coffee production to about 30 million tons, nearly 20 percent less than those of the 1979 harvest.
(A) less than those of the 1979 harvest.
(B) less than the 1979 harvest.
(C) less than 1979.
(D) fewer than 1979.
(E) fewer than that of India's 1979 harvest.
2. Veronica needs to buy a new dress, resole her dancing shoes, and the visit to the doctor needs to be rescheduled.
(A) and the visit to the doctor needs to be rescheduled.
(B) and visiting the doctor needs to be rescheduled for later in the day.
(C) and reschedule her visit to the doctor.
(D) and doctor's visiting needs to be rescheduled.
(E) and visit the doctor.
3. After I called all of your friends, you was surprised when they showed up for the party.
(A) you was surprised
(B) you were surprise
(C) you was surprising
(D) you were surprised
(E) surprised was your feeling
4. Nancy, like many nurses, work long hours.
(A) work long hours.
(B) work long hour.
(C) works long hours.
(D) work for long hours.
(E) work for longer hours.
5. The audience, already amazed by the special effects, gasp when the curtain rose on the second act's new set.
(A) gasp when the curtain rose
(B) gasped when the curtain rose
(C) gasp when the curtain roses
(D) gasp upon seeing the curtain rise
(E) gasps when the curtain rose
1. B is the right answer. You need to look at the word choice, so it sounds idiomatically better and cut out needless wordiness.
2. C is the right answer. All parts of the sentence should be parallel.
3. D is the right answer. This is a simple subject-verb agreement question. You is always paired with were, not was, even when it is singular.
4. C. Another subject-verb agreement question. The subject, Nancy, is singular, so the verb should be singular, which is works and not work.
5. B. This is a verb tense question. The verb rose is past tense, so the tense of the verb, gasp, should be in the past tense as well.
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