Free Image from Pixabay
A certain platoon is made up of 3 squads, each of which has 4 soldiers. When the platoon lines up to enter the mess hall, the squads are allowed to be in any order but the soldiers must line up within their squads according to certain rules. The soldiers in the first squad can line up any way they want as long as they stay with their squad. The squad leader of the second squad insists that the soldiers in that squad be in one particular order. the third squad leader wants the soldiers in that squad to line up in order from either tallest to shortest or shortest to tallest. How many different ways can the platoon line up?
Free image from Pixabay
The Verbal Reasoning section features Sentence Equivalence questions on the GRE. In each sentence, one word will be missing, and you must identify two correct words to complete the sentence. The correct answer choices, when used in the sentence, will result in the same meaning for both sentences. This question type tests your ability to figure out how a sentence should be completed by using the meaning of the entire sentence.
In the questions below, select the two answer choices that, when inserted into the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and yield complete sentences that are similar in meaning.
1. Her last-minute vacation was _______________________ compared to her usual trips, which are planned down to the last detail.
2. After staying up all night, she felt extremely _____________________; however, she still an three miles with her friends.
3. Although the lab assistant openly apologized for allowing the samples to spoil, her _________________ did not appease the research head, and she was let go.
4. He was unable to move his arm after the stroke; in addition, the stroke ____________________ his ability to speak.
5. The firefighter, desperate to save the children on the second floor of the fiery house, rushed into their bedroom; his colleagues, more wary of the ____________________ structure, remained outside.
Building a vocabulary is hard. You have to read a lot. We mean a lot. Read. Read. Read. However, when you are faced with standardized tests, like the ACT, SAT, GRE, GMAT, HSPT, ISEE, SSAT, LSAT, etc. you don't have much time to build a great vocabulary, if you already don't have one.
Here is a handy tip to quickly build a great one if you are pressed for time.
Replace the word 'very' with a new word!
As a bonus, below is a list of the top 100 words on the SAT.
Top 100 words on the SAT
Free Image from Pixabay
The semicolon is one of the most useful but least used punctuation marks.
Many people avoid the semicolon. Some even seem to dislike it, but it does not have to be that way. The source of avoidance or dislike is the lack of understanding of the proper role of the semicolon. If a comma is a yellow light and a period is a red light, the semicolon is a flashing red--one of the lights you drive through a brief pause.
Here's when to use it.
1. Use a semicolon to separate clauses when there's no and in between.
2. Use semicolons to separate items in a series when there's already a comma in one or more of the items.
Think of the colon as punctuation's master of ceremonies. Use it to present something: a statement, a series, a quotation, or instructions. But remember that a colon is an abrupt stop, almost like a period. Use one only if you want your sentence to brake completely. Here is how to do it.
1. Use a colon instead of a comma, if you wish, to introduce a quotation.
Many people prefer to introduce a longer quotation with a colon instead of a comma.
2. Use a colon to introduce a list, if what comes before the colon could be a small sentence in itself (it has both a subject and a verb).
Just don't use the colon to separate a verb from the rest of the sentence. In John's shopping cart were: a Bordeaux, a Merlot, and a Chardonnay. If you don't need a colon, why use one? In John's shopping cart were a Bordeaux, a Merlot, and a Chardonnay.
And that's it folks. Wasn't that easy?
Reference: Woe is I, by Patricia T. O'Connor
Free Image from Pixabay
The comma is a small mark, but it is perhaps the most important punctuation in grammar. Despite that, comma confusion is one of the most common grammatical problems that students face. This blog attempts to help students with proper comma usage.
Short Summary (TL;DR)
1. The Pause
Commas, commas, commas. They often are a source of confusion. How do you use without getting lost in grammatical jargon? Thanks to Patricia T. O’Conner's book on grammar, Woe is I: The Grammarphobe’s Guide to Better English in Plain English, commas can easily be understood. We let her tell you about them in her own words:
"When you talk, your voice, with its pauses, stresses, rises and falls, shows how you intend your words to fit together. When you write, punctuation marks are the road signs (stop, go, yield, slow, detour) that guide the reader, and you wouldn’t be understood without them.
"If you don’t believe me, try making sense out of this pile of words:
Who do you think I saw the other day the Dalai Lama said my Aunt Minnie.
"There are at least two possibilities:
"Who do you think I saw the other day?" the Dalai Lama said. "My Aunt Minnie."
"Who do you think I saw the other day? The Dalai Lama!" said my Aunt Minnie."
"Punctuation isn’t some subtle, old-fashioned concept that’s hard to manage and probably won’t make much of a difference one way or another. It’s not subtle, it’s not difficult and it can make all the difference in the world.
2. Separate the Parts of Speech
If you get commas right, you will get most of your punctuation right. How do we use them?
Long and short division
Use a comma to separate big chunks (clauses) of a sentence with and between them.
If there’s no 'and' in between, use a semi-colon instead:
Use commas to separate a series of things or actions.
In a series, you can leave out the comma before "and". It’s just a matter of taste. 'And' can also be thought of as a separator, a break, so a comma often is unnecessary.
3. Comma with Subjects and their Verbs
With few exceptions, a comma should not separate a subject from its verb.
Incorrect: My friend Amanda, is a wonderful dancer.
Writers are often tempted to insert a comma between a subject and verb this way because speakers sometimes pause at that point in a sentence. But in writing, the comma only makes the sentence seem stilted.
Correct: My friend Amanda is a wonderful singer.
Be especially careful with long or complex subjects:
Incorrect: The things that cause me joy, may also cause me pain.
Correct: The things that cause me joy may also cause me pain.
Incorrect: Navigating through snow, sleet, wind, and darkness, is a miserable way to travel.
Correct: Navigating through snow, sleet, wind, and darkness is a miserable way to travel.
4. Comma After Introductions
Introductory clauses are dependent clauses that provide background information or "set the stage" for the main part of the sentence, the independent clause. For example:
Introductory phrases also set the stage for the main action of the sentence, but they are not complete clauses. Phrases don't have both a subject and a verb that are separate from the subject and verb in the main clause of the sentence. Common introductory phrases include prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, participial phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases.
Introductory words (SHFM)
Introductory words like however, still, furthermore, and meanwhile create continuity from one sentence to the next.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.